Table of Theories
Major Orientations to Psychology Theories Major Theorists
The Biological Perspective

Neuron Hypothesis, Sensation, Stress Axis, Genetic Causes of Personality, Dreaming, Prenatal and later development described

Broca, Wernicke, Gazzaniga, Eysenck, Sperry, Pert, Corballis

The Psychodynamic Perspective

Freudian Psychoanalysis, Individual Psychology, Analytic Psychology, Interpersonal Psychology, Object Relations Theory

Sigmund Freud, Adler, Jung, Sullivan, Anna Freud, Winnicot, Kohut

Behavioral Perspective

Association Theory, Classical Conditioning, Operant Conditioning, Modeling / Observational Learning

Thorndyke, Pavlov, Watson, Skinner, Bandura, Wolpe

The Cognitive Perspective

Information Processing, Associative Memory, Cognitive Development, Intelligence, Irrational Beliefs

Piaget, Binet, Spearman, Sternberg, Ellis, Beck

The Humanistic Perspective

Person Centered Psychology, The Hierarchy of Needs, Gestalt Psychotherapy, Existential Psychology, Logotherapy

Rogers, Maslow, Perls, May, Frankl

The Social Perspective

Attribution Theory, Social Conformity, Obedience Theory, Discrepancy and Dissonance Theory

Asch, Milgram, Heider, Festinger