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Kenwood Power Supply
The photo below shows the power supply in operation. You can
see many of the controls and other details, but one needs to
be pointed out first: the red "output" button at upper right.
This power supply does not put out power when it is turned on.
Instead, it goes into a standby mode where it produces a
regulated voltage (or current); you have to press the red
output button to send the voltage (and current) out to the
connectors at the bottom. This ensures that the supply is
warm and stable at all times, even when you want it "off".
The buttons labeled "V" and "A" determine whether the large knob controls the voltage or the current being produced. The green light above the "V" button in the picture means that the this power supply is set to vary the voltage (presently 5.21 V) while putting out as much current as necessary up to a preset limit (see below). Pushing the "A" button will allow you to vary the current being produced, in which case the voltage will be whatever it needes to be (again, up to a preset limit).
Load limiting feature:
An important feature of this power supply is that it will automatically limit the current (or voltage) to less than what has been set by the user. For some labs, this can lead to an extremely annoying situtation where the power supply stubbornly refuses to do what you want it to do! It works as follows:
The actual settings of the "V" and "A" levels are displayed when the power supply is on but the "output" button has not been pushed. (When the output is enabled, the displays show the supply's internal measurement of the actual voltage and current output, what we usually read with our multimeter.) If you are operating in the voltage mode but need to change the current limit (say you find that you need 2.00 A rather than the 1.04 A displayed in the photo above), you first disable the output, then push the "A" button, adjust the current to the limit you want to use, then push the "V" button to go back to voltage mode and enable the output. (And vice versa for changing the voltage limit when in current mode.)
BK Precision Multimeter
We will use this multimeter for every electrical lab, so you must become familiar with its features.
The photo below shows the BK Precision Multimeter we will use
for every electrical experiment this semester. The buttons along
the bottom are used to select the mode (voltage or current) and
the range it will measure in that mode.
You first select either the DC or AC voltage (V) mode with the buttons on the left (blue arrow). The AC button has a sine wave over it. You then select a range that is greater than the value set on the power supply. For many experiments, that will be the 20 V setting.
Disconnect all cables before changing the meter from voltage to current mode, or vice versa. Despite the internal fuses, meters can be destroyed simply by connected a voltage source across a current input without a resistive load present. Two of our meters have suffered this fate.
You first select either the DC or AC current (A) mode with the buttons in the middle (blue arrow). The AC button has a sine wave over it. Disconnect the meter from the circuit before pushing the DC Amps button!
You then select the highest range (2000 mA = 2 Amps) before connecting the meter to a circuit. You can select a lower range once you see the amount of current you have. (The 2000 mA setting is generally a safe starting point because our DC power supply has an internal safety cutoff just over 1 A.)
Important note: You always want to use the range setting that gives you the most sensitivity. You lose significant figures if you use a range that is greater than you need. We will experiment with this during Lab Zero, but always check it for every measurement you do.
We will only use this older meter if we want an independent measurement of voltage or current while using the BK Precision meter for some other measurement. At present, that will be the case only during our Lab Zero experiments, for practice and a comparison of these two types of meters.
Most of the Keithley (or Micronta) meters we have are battery powered. Be sure to turn it off when it is not in use. The red button is pushed in to turn it on, and pushed and released to turn it off.
This photo shows the Keithley meter
set to measure a DC voltage greater than 2 V and less than 20 V.
We will also use it to measure DC current as well as AC voltage
or current depending on the requirements of the lab.
By the way, this particular meter is reading -0.05 V when it should have been reading 0.00 V. (The probes were not connected to anything.) This meter has been thrown away and replaced by the Micronta meter in our Lab Zero experiments.
Contact me if you have any questions.